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manual
Curso Bsico de HTML
Introduccin a la programacin de pginas Web
Publicado por JL Fecha: 2006-12-02 01:20:00 Idioma: Espaol Tipo de documento: manual
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Curso de HTML Bsico

Curso bsico de HTML

Gua para principiantes

(Curso para introducir a alguien a la programacin de pginas web)



Atributos del Texto

Para indicar atributos del texto (negrilla, subrayado, etc.) tenemos varias directivas. Algunas de ellas no son reconocidas por determinados visores de Internet, es por ello que segn el visor que este usted utilizando, ver el resultado correctamente o no.

Atributo

Directiva

Ejemplo

Negrita

<B></B>

<B>Texto de prueba</B>

Cursiva

<I></I>

<I>Texto de prueba</I>

Teletype

<TT></TT>

<TT>Texto de prueba</TT>

Subrayado

<U></U>

<U>Texto de prueba</U>

Tachado

<S></S>

<S>Texto de prueba</S>

Parpadeo

<BLINK></BLINK>

<BLINK>Texto de prueba</BLINK>

Superindice

<SUP></SUP>

<SUP>Texto de prueba</SUP>

Subindice

<SUB></SUB>

<SUB>Texto de prueba</SUB>

Centrado

<CENTER></CENTER>

<CENTER>Texto de prueba</CENTER>

Por otro lado la directiva <FONT></FONT> nos permite variar el tamao, el color, y el tipo de letra de un texto determinado. Utiliza para ello los parmetros size, bgcolor y face.

size = valor

Da al texto un tamao en puntos determinado.

size = +/- valor

Da al texto un tamao tantas veces superior (+) o inferior (-) como indique el valor.

color = "cdigo de color"

Escribe el texto en el color cuyo codigo se especifica.

face = "nombre de la fuente o tipo de letra"

Escribe el texto en el tipo de letra especificado. Si este tipo de letra no existe en el ordenador que "lee" la pgina se usara el predeterminado del navegador.

Ejemplo

Se vera como

<FONT size = +2 color = "#FF0000 face = "Arial"> Texto de prueba </FONT>

Texto de prueba

Existen otras directivas que realizan las mismas operaciones que las antes vistas en los atributos del texto.

Directiva

Hace lo mismo que

<STRONG></STRONG>

<B></B>

<CITE></CITE>

<I></I>

<STRIKE></STRIKE>

<S></S>

 

 

Marquee

La directiva <MARQUEE></MARQUEE> crea una marquesina con un texto en su interior que se desplaza. Funciona nicamente con MS-Explorer. Sus parmetros son los siguientes:

align = top / middle / bottom

Indica si el texto del interior de la marquesina se alinea en la zona alta (top), en la baja (bottom) o en el centro (middle) de la misma.

bgcolor = "codigo de color"

Indica el color del fondo de la marquesina.

direction = left / right

Indica hacia que lugar se desplaza el texto, hacia la izquierda (left) o hacia la derecha (right)

height = num o %

Indica la altura de la marquesina en puntos o porcentaje en funcin de la ventana del visor.

width = num o %

Indica la anchura de la marquesina en puntos o porcentaje en funcin de la ventana del visor.

loop = num / infinite

Indica el numero de veces que se desplazar el texto por la marquesina. Si se indica infinite, se desplazar indefinidamente.

scrolldelay = num.

Indica el nmero de milisegundos que tarda en reescribirse el texto por la marquesina, a mayor nmero mas lentamente se desplazar el texto.

Veamos un ejemplo de esta directiva :

<MARQUEE bgcolor = "#FFFFFF" width = 50% scrolldelay = 0 > Bienvenido a mi pagina personal en Internet.
</MARQUEE>

 

 

Sonido de fondo

Nuestra pgina Web puede tener un sonido que se active al entrar en la pgina. Esta caracterstica de MS Explorer utiliza la directiva <BGSOUND> y tiene los siguientes parmetros :

src = "archivo"

Indica el nombre del archivo que contiene el sonido (.waw, .mid).

loop = num / infinite

Indica el nmero de veces que se reproducir el sonido. Si se indica infinite, el sonido se reproducir de forma continua hasta que abandonemos la pgina.

Un ejemplo de esta directiva sera :

<BGSOUND src= "yesterday.mid" loop= infinite>

Para utilizar esta funcin en Netscape se utiliza la directiva <EMBED>. Esta directiva se utiliza realmente para "incrustar" un objeto en nuestra pagina Web. Dicho objeto puede ser un archivo de sonido, un video, un grafico BMP, etc... Tiene los siguientes parmetros :

src = "archivo"

Indica el nombre del archivo que contiene el sonido (.waw, .mid) o el video (.avi).

autostart = true

Incluirlo si deseamos que la reproduccin se inicie inmediatamente.

loop = true

Incluirlo si deseamos que la reproduccin no se detenga. (al terminar, vuelve a comenzar automticamente).

volume = numero

Volumen al que se reproducen los archivos de sonido.

width = numero

height = numero

Anchura y Altura de la representacin del objeto. (Si es un sonido no es necesario este parmetro).

controls = smallconsole

Visualiza una serie de controles que nos permiten iniciar la reproduccin del archivo, as como realizar una pausa o detenerlo.

Un ejemplo de esta directiva sera:

<EMBED src= "yesterday.mid" loop= true autostart= true volume=50 width=50 height=15 controls=smallconsole>

 


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